I'm a beginner to functional languages, and I'm trying to get the whole thing down in Haskell. Here's a quick-and-dirty function that finds all the factors of a number:
factors :: (Integral a) => a -> [a] factors x = filter (z -> x `mod` z == 0) [2..x `div` 2]
Works fine, but I found it to be unbearably slow for large numbers. So I made myself a better one:
factorcalc :: (Integral a) => a -> a -> [a] -> [a] factorcalc x y z | y `elem` z = sort z | x `mod` y == 0 = factorcalc x (y+1) (z ++ [y] ++ [(x `div` y)]) | otherwise = factorcalc x (y+1) z
But here's my problem: Even though the code works, and can cut literally hours off the execution time of my programs, it's hideous!
It reeks of ugly imperative thinking: It constantly updates a counter and a data structure in a loop until it finishes. Since you can't change state in purely functional programming, I cheated by holding the data in the parameters, which the function simply passes to itself over and over again.
I may be wrong, but there simply must be a better way of doing the same thing...</div